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The Wildebeest's guide to South Africa

Citrus Swallowtail butterfly

Afrikaans name: Lemoenvlinder

Citrus Swallowtail butterfly

Photo © Steven Herbert

Papilio demodocus demodocus

The Citrus Swallowtail is a common and well-known butterfly that can be found all over South Africa in suitable habitat (it avoids very dry areas).

Females can have a wingspan of up to 13 cm. Males are slightly smaller. The colouration of the male and female is similar.

Although it is most common over spring and summer the Citrus Swallowtail can be seen all year round.

The Citrus Swallowtail is found in a variety of habitats ranging from grasslands to gardens and forest edges. They are very active flyers and do not settle too often.

This butterfly is considered a pest by citrus farmers as they lay their eggs on the citrus plants.


References and further reading

Butterflies of Southern Africa - Author: Hugo Germishuys - Year Published: 1982 - Page: 29

Butterflies of Southern Africa - A field guide - Author: Mark Williams - Year Published: 1994 - Page: 27

Butterflies of the Kruger National Park - Author: Johan Kloppers and the late Dr. G. Van Son - Year Published: 1978 - Page: 7

Butterflies of the Western Cape - Author: A.J.M. Claassens - Year Published: 2005 - Page: 60

Familiar South African Butterflies - Author: Clive Quickelberge - Year Published: 1986 - Page: 52

Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa - Author: Steve Woodhall - Year Published: 2005 - Page: 350

Gardening for Butterflies - Author: Steve Woodhall & Lindsay Gray - Year Published: 2015 - Page: 78

Ivor Migdoll's Field Guide to the Butterflies of Southern Africa - Author: Ivor Migdoll - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 235

Pocket Guide - Insects of South Africa - Author: Mike Picker & Charles Griffiths - Year Published: 2015 - Page: 126

Reader's Digest Illustrated Guide to the Game Parks and Nature Reserves of Southern Africa - 2nd edi - Author: Editor - Alan Duggan - Year Published: 1991 - Page: 399

Sasol First Field Guide to Butterflies & Moths of Southern Africa - Author: Simon van Noort - Year Published: - Page: 9

Sasol First Field Guide to Butterflies & Moths of Southern Africa - Author: Simon van Noort - Year Published: - Page: 10

Self-guided Trails in Durban - Author: Durban Corporation - Year Published: - Page: 122

Suburban Wildlife in KZN - Author: Dr. Jason Londt - Year Published: 2009 - Page: 80

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