The Maccoa Duck favours permanent bodies of water and can be found over much of South Africa where suitable conditions exist.
The male Maccoa Duck is an attractive bird during the breeding season. It has a bluish bill, chocolate coloured head and orangey-brown body. Non-breeding males and females are far more drab.
Maccoa Ducks mainly feed on small invertebrates but they do also eat some plant material.
During the breeding season males establish territories and may mate with as many as 8 females. Females build their nests amongst reeds and other vegetation. Between 2 and 9 eggs are laid.