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The Wildebeest's guide to South Africa

Black-backed Jackal

Afrikaans name: Rooijakkals

Black-backed Jackal crossing the road at Weenen Game Reserve

Black-backed Jackal in Weenen Game Reserve

Photo © Steven Herbert

Canis mesomelas

Interesting facts about Black-backed Jackals

The Black-backed Jackal is found in two large areas of Africa but these areas are not linked. It is found in southern and eastern Africa.

These carnivores will either kill or scavenge for their food. They can be quite aggressive and persistent. They will tackle the calves of various antelope but will also eat things like insects. They often run into trouble with farmers who accuse them of tackling their livestock.

Black-backed Jackals are normally seen singly but sometimes may be found in pairs.

They prefer open grassland areas such as savanna or open woodland.

Pairs establish territories and they both mark and defend it. The female Black-backed Jackal gives birth to 1 to 6 pups with the normal amount being 3.

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References and further reading

African Wildlife - A photographic safari - Author: Nigel and Wendy Dennis - Year Published: 1999 - Page: 71

An Introduction to the Larger Mammals of Southern Africa - Author: Joanna Dalton - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 44

Animals of the Kruger National Park - Author: G. de Graaff - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 29

Chris and Tilde Stuart's Field Guide to the Mammals of Southern Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Year Published: 1988 - Page: 124

Field Guide to the Cradle of Humankind - Author: B. Hilton-Barber & Prof. L. R. Berger - Year Published: 2004 - Page: 152

Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Year Published: 1997 - Page: 232

Field Guide to the Mammals of Southern Africa - 3rd Edition - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Year Published: 2001 - Page: 124

Field Guide to the Mammals of the Kruger National Park - Author: U. de V. Pienaar et al. - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 71

Kruger National Park Questions and Answers - Author: P.F. Fourie - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 290

Kruger National Park, Visitor's Map - Author: - Year Published: 1996 - Page: 5

Land Mammals of Southern Africa - A field guide - Author: Reay HN Smithers - Year Published: 1986 - Page: 106

Mammals of Southern Africa - Author: Burger Cillier - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 19

Mammals of the Kruger and other National Parks - Author: The National Parks Board - Year Published: 1980 - Page: 40

Questions and Answers - Mammals of Southern Africa - Author: Deirdre Richards - Year Published: 1990 - Page: 5

Reader's Digest Illustrated Guide to the Game Parks and Nature Reserves of Southern Africa - 2nd edi - Author: Editor - Alan Duggan - Year Published: 1991 - Page: 417

Sasol First Field Guide to Animal Tracks of Southern Africa - Author: Louis Liebenberg - Year Published: 2003 - Page: 30

Signs of the Wild - 3rd Edition - Author: Clive Walker - Year Published: 1986 - Page: 57

Signs of the Wild - 5th Edition - Author: Clive Walker - Year Published: 1996 - Page: 52

Southern Africa from the Highway - Author: AA RSA - Year Published: 1991 - Page: 320

Wild Issue 32 - Author: - Year Published: 2015 - Page: 22

Wild Issue 32 - Author: - Year Published: 2015 - Page: 28

Wildlife of Southern Africa - Author: Martin Withers and David Hosking - Year Published: 2011 - Page: 202

List of South African Mammals

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