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Chacma Baboon

Afrikaans name: Bobbejaan

On the march. Mother Chacma Baboon with its baby.

Young Chacma Baboons often ride on their mothers backs

Photo © Steven Herbert

Papio ursinus

Interesting facts about baboons

The Chacma Baboon is sometimes referred to as the Cape Baboon.

A male baboon can be up to 1 metre in length and that excludes the tail which is another 80 cm. They can weigh up to 40 kg. Female baboons are smaller than males with a weight of around 25 kg.

Male baboons can have canine teeth that are nearly 4 cm in length. They can be very aggressive and there are recorded incidents of a baboon killing a Leopard which attacked it. They clash with humans from time to time and care should be exercised when they are nearby.

The Chacma Baboon is found in a variety of habitats including savanna, woodland, semi-desert and mountain grasslands.

Chacma Baboons eat a wide variety of foods including fruit, seeds, insects and grass. They will also take small animals, including baby antelopes, if they can catch them. They will raid human households at time, or steal food from cars or picnic areas.

These baboons live in troops which contain adult males and females, along with their young. Smaller troops may just have one male and a couple of females.

Juvenile Chacma Baboon with a far away look in its eyes

Photo © Steven Herbert

Above - This youngster seems to be contemplating something while he nibbles on some grass.

Young Chacma Baboon on its mothers back

Photo © Steven Herbert

Above - Young Chacma Baboons travel on the backs of their mothers or, at times, hanging underneath her.

Below - A troop of Chacma Baboons stroll along a dry river bed in iMfolozi Game Reserve

Troop of Chacma Baboons

Photo © Steven Herbert


References and further reading

An Introduction to the Larger Mammals of Southern Africa - Author: Joanna Dalton - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 32

Animals of the Kruger National Park - Author: G. de Graaff - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 45

Chris and Tilde Stuart's Field Guide to the Mammals of Southern Africa - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Year Published: 1988 - Page: 74

Field Guide to the Cradle of Humankind - Author: B. Hilton-Barber & Prof. L. R. Berger - Year Published: 2004 - Page: 141

Field Guide to the Mammals of the Kruger National Park - Author: U. de V. Pienaar et al. - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 63

Kruger National Park Questions and Answers - Author: P.F. Fourie - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 75

Kruger National Park, Visitor's Map - Author: - Year Published: 1996 - Page: 5

Land Mammals of Southern Africa - A field guide - Author: Reay HN Smithers - Year Published: 1986 - Page: 45

Mammals of Southern Africa - Author: Burger Cillier - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 5

Mammals of the Kruger and other National Parks - Author: The National Parks Board - Year Published: 1980 - Page: 16

Reader's Digest Illustrated Guide to the Game Parks and Nature Reserves of Southern Africa - 2nd edi - Author: Editor - Alan Duggan - Year Published: 1991 - Page: 419

Signs of the Wild - Author: Clive Walker - Year Published: 1986 - Page: 27

Southern Africa from the Highway - Author: AA RSA - Year Published: 1991 - Page: 320

Wild Issue 33 - Author: - Year Published: 2015 - Page: 34

List of South African Mammals

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