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The Wildebeest's guide to South Africa


Afrikaans name: Kimberley

Kimberley's big hole with the city centre in the background

The Big Hole, Kimberley

Photo © lienkie -

Northern Cape

Kimberley is the capital of South Africa's Northern Cape province. It's history is closely aligned to the early diamond history in South Africa.

The 'Big Hole', a well-known landmark of Kimberley, actually started as a small hill. It is the result of miners mining the area inbetween 1877 and 1914. The Kimberley Big Hole covers an area of 42 acres and is 240 metres deep. Three tons of diamonds were mined. There is a recreation of the original town next door to the museum.

The city of Kimberley was founded in 1912 when the Boroughs of Kimberley and Beaconsfield were combined.

Today Kimberley still serves as the centre for mining and agriculture in the surrounding region. It is also a popular tourist destination.

Kimberley weather


Photo © Johan van Zyl

Photo © Johan van Zyl

Photo © Johan van Zyl


References and further reading

Book of the Road - 4th edition - Author: MapStudio - Year Published: 2019 - Page: 125

Conolly's Guide to Southern Africa - Author: Denis Conolly - Year Published: 1982 - Page: 339

Essential Birding: Western South Africa - Author: Callan Cohen and Claire Spottiswoode - Year Published: 2000 - Page: 113

Getaway - Vol 32 No 3 - Author: - Year Published: 2020 - Page: 100

go! - Issue 085 - Author: - Year Published: 2013 - Page: 56

Guide to Sieges of South Africa - Author: Nicki von der Heyde - Year Published: 2017 - Page: 134

Hit the Road - 2nd Edition - Author: MapStudio - Year Published: 2018 - Page: 202

On Route - A region by region guide to South Africa - Author: B.P.J. Erasmus - Year Published: 1995 - Page: 318

Places to Visit in Southern Africa - Author: AA RSA - Year Published: 1995 - Page: 333

Reader's Digest Illustrated Guide to Southern Africa - 4th edition - Author: - Year Published: 1986 - Page: 173

Southern Africa from the Highway - Author: AA RSA - Year Published: 1991 - Page: 118

The Pictorial Motoring Atlas of South Africa - Author: Maxwell Leigh - Year Published: 1987 - Page: 54

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