South Africa's flowers, trees and other plants

Index of South African Plants and Trees

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Aloe Impala Lily Outeniqua Yellowwood Cosmos

Photos by Steven Herbert

SOUTH AFRICA HAS AN AMAZING DIVERSITY OF PLANT LIFE

South Africa is home to around 21,000 species of vascular plants which represent 8% of the world's plants. There are six floral kingdoms in the world, one of which is the Cape Floristic Region which is endemic to South Africa. Whether you are interested in trees, flowers, ferns, aloes, succulents or fynbos you will be amazed at the variety found in South Africa and the availability of field guides to help you identify them.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A


Apple Leaf tree

Aloe, Bitter

Aloe ferox

Aloe, Krantz

Aloe arborescens

Aloe, Soap

Aloe maculata

Aloe, Tree

Aloe barbarae

Anthericum, Weeping

Anthericum saundersiae

Apple, Bitter

Solanum duplo-sinuatum

Apple-leaf

Lonchocarpus capassa

Ash, Cape

Ekebergia capensis

Ash, Glossy White

Bersama lucens


B


Baobab tree

Bead-bean

Maerua angolensis

Beech, Red

Protorhus longifolia

Baobab

Adansonia digitata

Bird-berry, Black

Psychotria capensis

Black-jack

Bidens pilosa

Boer-bean, Weeping

Schotia brachypetala

Bride's Bush, Small or Narrow-leaved

Pavetta gracilifolio

Bulrush

Typha capensis

Bushwillow, Large-fruited

Combretum zeyheri

Bushwillow, Red

Combretum apiculatum

Bushwillow, River

Combretum erythrophyllum

Bushwillow, Russet

Combretum hereroense

Bushwillow, Velvet

Combretum molle


C


Cosmos flowers

Cabbage-Tree, Common

Cussonia spicata

Canna, Wild

Canna indica

Chestnut, Lowveld

Sterculia murex

Clivia

Clivia miniata

Cluster-leaf, Lowveld

Terminalia prunioides

Coral Tree, Common

Erythrina lysistemon

Corkwood, Common

Commiphora pyracanthoides

Corkwood, Velvet-leaved

Commiphora mollis

Cosmos

Bidens formosa

Crane Flower

Strelitzia reginae

Crassula, Pondoland

Crassula streyi

Croton, Lavender

Croton gratissimus

Crow-Berry, Common

Rhus pentheri

Crown, Flat

Albizia adianthifolia

Currant, Red

Rhus chirindensis


D


Wild Dagga plant

Dagga, Wild

Leonotis leonurus

Daisy, Barberton

Gerbera jamesonii

Drimiopsis, Green

Ledebouria petiolata / Drimiopsis maculata

Drypetes, Water

Drypetes arguta


E


Naboom Euphorbia

Ears, Pig's

Cotyledon orbiculata

Elm, Natal

Celtis mildbraedii

Elm, Thorny

Chaetacme aristata

Euphorbia, Naboom

Euphorbia ingens

Euphorbia, Rubber-hedge

Euphorbia tirucalli


F


Fever Tree

False-thorn, Bushveld

Albizia harveyi

Fever-berry

Croton megalobotrys

Fever-berry, Forest

Croton sylvaticus

Fever Tree

Acacia xanthophloea

Fig, Broom Cluster

Ficus sur

Fig, Giant-leaved

Ficus lutea

Fig, Natal

Ficus natalensis

Fig, Red-leaved

Ficus ingens

Fig, Swamp

Ficus trichopoda

Fig, Sycamore

Ficus sycomorus

Flat-bean, Thorny-rope

Dalbergia armata


G


Eastern Bushveld Gardenia

Gardenia, Eastern Bushveld

Gardenia volkensii

Golden-leaf, Coastal

Bridelia micracantha


H


Cape Honeysuckle

Hen and Chickens

Chlorophytum comosum

Hibiscus Creeper, Prickly Wild

Hibiscus surattensis

Honeysuckle, Cape

Tecoma capensis

Hook Thorn, Common

Acacia caffra


I


Water Ironplum

Ironplum, Water

Drypetes arguta

Ironwood, White

Vepris lanceolata


J


Jackal Berry Tree

Jackal-berry Tree

Diospyros mespiliformis

Joy, Pink

Crassula ovata

Jumping Seed Tree

Sapium ellipticum


K


Katstert

Katstert

Hebenstretia comosa

Karee

Rhus lancea


L


Leadwood tree

Lantana

Lantana camara

Leadwood Tree

Combretum imberbe

Lily, Bush

Clivia miniata

Lily, Impala

Adenium mutliflorum


M


Natal Mohogany Tree

Marula

Sclerocarya birrea

Matumi

Breonadia salicina

Milkweed

Gomphocarpus physocarpus

Milkwood, Fluted

Chrysophyllum viridifolium

Milkwood, White

Sideroxylon inerme

Mohogany, Natal

Trichilia emetica

Mopane

Colophospermum mopane

Morning Glory, Hewitt's Dwarf

Hewittia malabarica

Mulberry, Wild

Trimeria grandifolia


N



O


Large-leaved Onionwood

Onionwood, Large-leaved

Cassipourea gummiflua

Orchard Tree, Yellow Bell

Bauhinia tomentosa


P


Wild Plum tree

Palm, Wild Date

Phoenix reclinata

Pambati Tree

Anastrabe integerrima

Papyrus, Dwarf

Cyperus prolifer

Pear, White

Apodytes dimidiata

Pickle Plant

Delosperma echinatum

Pincushion, Orange Flame

Leucospermum erubescens

Plum, Natal

Carissa macrocarpa

Plum, Wild

Harpephyllum caffrum

Pod, Monkey

Senna petersiana

Powder-puff Tree

Barringtonia racemosa

Protea, King

Protea cynaroides

Puzzle Bush

Ehretia rigida


Q


Quiver Tree

Quiver Tree

Aloe dichotoma


R


Giant Raisin tree

Raisin, Giant

Grewia hexamita

Rush, Matting

Juncus kraussii


S


Sausage Tree

Sage, False Olive

Buddleja saligna

Sagewood

Buddleja salviifolia

Sausage Tree

Kigelia africana

Sedge, Tall Star

Cyperus textilis

Senna, Eared

Senna petersiana

Spur-flower Bush, Large

Plectranthus ecklonii

Spur-flower, Speckled

Plectranthus ciliatus

Stinkwood, White

Celtis africana

Stinkwood, Red-fruit White-

Celtis mildbraedii

Stonecrop

Crassula obovata

Strelitzia, Coastal

Strelitzia nicolai

Sugarbush, Common

Protea repens

Susan, Black-eyed

Thunbergia alata


T


Tassel-berry Tree

Tamboti

Spirostachys africana

Tassel-berry Tree

Antidesma venosum

Teak, Round-leaved

Pterocarpus rotundifolius

Thistle, Scotch

Cirsium vulgare

Thorn, Black Monkey

Acacia burkei

Thorn, Common Hook

Acacia caffra

Thorn, Green

Balanites maughamii

Thorn, Knob

Acacia nigrescens

Thorn, Monkey

Acacia galpinii

Thorn, Paperbark

Acacia sieberiana

Thorn, Sweet

Acacia karroo

Thorn, Umbrella

Acacia tortilis

Tongue, Mother-in-law's

Sensevieria hyacinthoides

Tongue-leaved Plant

Glottiphyllum linguiforme


U


Umdoni tree

Umdoni

Syzigium cordatum

Umzimbeet

Millettia grandis


V


Natal Dune Vygie

Vygie, Natal Dune

Carpobrotus dimidiata


W


Weeping Wattle tree

Waterlily, Blue

Nymphaea nouchali

Wattle, Weeping

Peltophorum africanum

Wedelia

Sphagneticola trilobata


X



Y


Real Yellowwood tree

Yellow-head, Lesser

Gnidia kraussiana

Yellowwood, Outeniqua

Podocarpus falcatus

Yellowwood, Real

Podocarpus latifolius


Z


Red-star Zinnia

Zinnia, Red-star

Zinnia peruviana

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